Know your Scottish Salmon

My Salmon: What am I buying?

Who sells your salmon and where does it come from?

Fidra’s nationwide wide survey found that consumers would like more information about the Scottish salmon they are purchasing. The majority of respondents want to know the name of the farm the salmon originated from, and have more information on product labels.  Fidra is asking retailers to support the call for accessible, transparent, real time information on environmental and sustainability issues to be available on a farm-by-farm basis online. This will enable the consumer to access information on the salmon they are buying using the farm name, in turn displayed on product labels. The following table shows the level of transparency and traceability currently associated with Scottish salmon at each of the major UK retailers.

  • Aldi

    Aldi
  • ASDA

    ASDA
  • Co-op

    Co-op
  • Iceland

    Iceland
  • Lidl

    Lidl
  • M&S

    M&S
  • Morrisons

    Morrisons
  • Sainsburys

    Sainsburys
  • Tesco

    Tesco
  • Waitrose

    Waitrose
Farm named on packet?
$99 / month
  • Aldi

    No
  • ASDA

    No
  • Co-op

    Area e.g. Shetland / Hebrides
  • Iceland

    No
  • Lidl

    No
  • M&S

    Yes – On some products
  • Morrisons

    No
  • Sainsburys

    Loch is named
  • Tesco

    Finest smoked salmon shows farm name
  • Waitrose

    Region e.g. Hebrides / Highlands
Suppliers and sources
$99 / month
  • Aldi

    No information given
  • ASDA

    No information given
  • Co-op

    Mostly sourced from Grieg Seafood and Cooke Aquaculture
  • Iceland

    Mowi Scotland
  • Lidl

    No information given
  • M&S

    Cooke Aquaculture, Scottish Sea Farms
  • Morrisons

    No information given
  • Sainsburys

    Mowi Scotland
  • Tesco

    We understand that given the size of Tesco’s market, they source from a varying mix of suppliers
  • Waitrose

    Mowi Scotland, Cooke Aquaculture, Scottish Sea Farms, The Scottish Salmon Company
Transparency scheme *
$99 / month
  • Aldi

    ODP & SFP
  • ASDA

    ODP & SFP
  • Co-op

    SSC, ODP & SFP
  • Iceland

    SSC
  • Lidl

    SSC & ODP
  • M&S

    SSC, WWF
  • Morrisons

    ODP & SFP
  • Sainsburys

    SSC, ODP & SFP
  • Tesco

    SSC, ODP & SFP
  • Waitrose

    SSC
Online information on farm practices
$99 / month

How is your salmon farmed?

All salmon produced in Scotland must be farmed under Scottish legislation guidelines, with the farms required to meet conditions of a licence issued and regulated by the Scottish Environment Protection Agency. All farms in 2021 are members of the industry body, the Scottish Salmon Producers’ Organisation, and as such must also adhere to its Code of Good Practice.  In addition, farms may choose from one or more of several certification schemes, which measure additional criteria to those required by law.  Retailers may also have their own certification schemes or criteria that they require their suppliers to adhere to.  The table below shows which schemes or criteria apply to Scottish salmon stocked by major UK retailers.  More detail on the certification schemes, apart from the retailers’ own, is shown in the Certification table below.

  • Aldi

    Aldi
  • ASDA

    ASDA
  • Co-op

    Co-op
  • Iceland

    Iceland
  • Lidl

    Lidl
  • M&S

    M&S
  • Morrisons

    Morrisons
  • Sainsburys

    Sainsburys
  • Tesco

    Tesco
  • Waitrose

    Waitrose
$20 / month
  • Aldi

  • ASDA

  • Co-op

  • Iceland

  • Lidl

  • M&S

  • Morrisons

  • Sainsburys

  • Tesco

  • Waitrose

  • Aldi

  • ASDA

  • Co-op

  • Iceland

  • Lidl

  • M&S

  • Morrisons

  • Sainsburys

  • Tesco

  • Waitrose

$50 / month
  • Aldi


  • ASDA


  • Co-op

  • Iceland

  • Lidl


  • M&S

  • Morrisons

  • Sainsburys

  • Tesco


  • Waitrose

$60 / month
  • Aldi

  • ASDA

  • Co-op

  • Iceland

  • Lidl

  • M&S

  • Morrisons

  • Sainsburys

  • Tesco

  • Waitrose

$99 / month
  • Aldi

  • ASDA

  • Co-op

  • Iceland

  • Lidl

  • M&S

  • Morrisons

  • Sainsburys

  • Tesco

  • Waitrose

$99 / month
  • Aldi

  • ASDA

  • Co-op

  • Iceland

  • Lidl

  • M&S

  • Morrisons

  • Sainsburys

  • Tesco

  • Waitrose

$99 / month
  • Aldi

  • ASDA

  • Co-op

  • Iceland

  • Lidl

  • M&S


  • Morrisons

  • Sainsburys

  • Tesco

  • Waitrose

  • Aldi

  • ASDA

  • Co-op

  • Iceland

  • Lidl

  • M&S


  • Morrisons

  • Sainsburys

  • Tesco

  • Waitrose

- All Scottish salmon sold by the retailer adhere to this certification scheme or criteria.

- Some of the farms which supply the retailer are certified by this scheme or criteria. If it is a certain line of the product the name is stated, i.e. Aldi ‘Specially selected’ Scottish salmon is RSPCA certified.

- None of the Scottish salmon sold by the retailer appear to be certified by this scheme or criteria.

Certification

Many of the portions of Scottish salmon for sale in UK retailers are labelled with the RSPCA logo, or a logo declaring the product is ‘responsibly’ or ‘sustainably’ farmed, but what do these actually mean?

The labels assert that the salmon has been produced to certain standards. The reliability of these labels depends upon whether assessment is undertaken regularly by an external  independent third party. Several sets of standards, or ‘certification’ schemes, have been developed by salmon farming companies and by other organisations.

The certification schemes are shown in the table below, with a brief description of the main criteria of each. Scottish legislation and the Code of Good Practice are included for comparison.  Several retailers have their own internal standards in addition to or instead of external third party schemes. We have applied a simple weighting and score* to each scheme across 12 different criteria, with a total of 36 points available. Those deemed to have the strictest requirements in any single criteria have also been highlighted.  Several of the schemes are under review, and the table is subject to change.  Direct comparison of the schemes is difficult due to the different methods of assessment used and the table should be used for guidance only.

Whilst some certification schemes assert a higher standard, an ideal solution has not yet been reached and a score of 36 does not indicate a perfect scheme.  MPAs refer to Marine Protected Areas.

Summary of Certification scheme criteria

  • Environmental Impact

    Environmental Impact
  • Disease

    Disease
  • Treatment

    Treatment
  • Feed

    Feed
  • Predators

    Predators
  • Escapes

    Escapes
  • MPAs

    MPAs
  • Animal Welfare

    Animal Welfare
  • Traceability

    Traceability
  • Social Responsibility

    Social Responsibility
  • Enforcement

    Enforcement
  • Transparency

    Transparency
  • Score (/36)

    Score (/36)
ASC
$20 / month
  • Environmental Impact

  • Disease

  • Treatment

  • Feed

  • Predators

  • Escapes

  • MPAs

  • Animal Welfare

  • Traceability

  • Social Responsibility

  • Enforcement

  • Transparency

  • Score (/36)

    28
Friend of the Sea
$99 / month
  • Environmental Impact

  • Disease

  • Treatment

  • Feed

  • Predators

  • Escapes

  • MPAs

  • Animal Welfare

  • Traceability

  • Social Responsibility

  • Enforcement

  • Transparency

  • Score (/36)

    16
GAA BAP
$99 / month
  • Environmental Impact

  • Disease

  • Treatment

  • Feed

  • Predators

  • Escapes

  • MPAs

  • Animal Welfare

  • Traceability

  • Social Responsibility

  • Enforcement

  • Transparency

  • Score (/36)

    21
Global GAP
$60 / month
  • Environmental Impact

  • Disease

  • Treatment

  • Feed

  • Predators

  • Escapes

  • MPAs

  • Animal Welfare

  • Traceability

  • Social Responsibility

  • Enforcement

  • Transparency

  • Score (/36)

    25
Label Rouge
$99 / month
  • Environmental Impact

  • Disease

  • Treatment

  • Feed

  • Predators

  • Escapes

  • MPAs

  • Animal Welfare

  • Traceability

  • Social Responsibility

  • Enforcement

  • Transparency

  • Score (/36)

    20
Organic
$50 / month
  • Environmental Impact

  • Disease

  • Treatment

  • Feed

  • Predators

  • Escapes

  • MPAs

  • Animal Welfare

  • Traceability

  • Social Responsibility

  • Enforcement

  • Transparency

  • Score (/36)

    24
RSPCA Assured
$99 / month
  • Environmental Impact

  • Disease

  • Treatment

  • Feed

  • Predators

  • Escapes

  • MPAs

  • Animal Welfare

  • Traceability

  • Social Responsibility

  • Enforcement

  • Transparency

  • Score (/36)

    21
Code of Good Practice
$99 / month
  • Environmental Impact

  • Disease

  • Treatment

  • Feed

  • Predators

  • Escapes

  • MPAs

  • Animal Welfare

  • Traceability

  • Social Responsibility

  • Enforcement

  • Transparency

  • Score (/36)

    18
Scottish
Government Legislation
$99 / month
  • Environmental Impact

  • Disease

  • Treatment

  • Feed

  • Predators

  • Escapes

  • MPAs

  • Animal Welfare

  • Traceability

  • Social Responsibility

  • Enforcement

  • Transparency

  • Score (/36)

    19

- Strictest requirements (*3)

- Requirements (*2)

- Recommendations (*1)

- No recommendations or requirements (*0)

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